what until the amalgamation had been Victoria county. It was named for the. Trent Canal (1833) and the improvement of the waterway between Sturgeon and Scugog lakes, including the locks at Kawartha Lakes. Learn more and see the motor rally schedule here. (2006) 74,561; (2011) 73,214. As many as 50 Russian dairy farmers will visit Ontario and the Kawartha Lakes this July to see for themselves what makes the Canadian dairy industry so successful. Town, 1857; city, 2001.